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国务院关于深化考试招生制度改革的实施意见

2019年03月27日 11:50  点击:[]

来源:中国政府网

gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfu,guowuyuangebuwei、gezhishujigou:

亚博买球kaoshizhaoshengzhidushiguojiajibenjiaoyuzhidu。dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuiduikaoshizhaoshengzhidugaigezuochuquanmianbushu,jinnian《zhengfugongzuobaogao》tichulemingqueyaoqiu。gaigekaifang30duonianlai,woguokaoshizhaoshengzhidubuduangaijinwanshan,chubuxingchenglexiangduiwanzhengdekaoshizhaoshengtixi,weixueshengchengzhang、guojiaxuancai、shehuigongpingzuochulelishixinggongxian,duitigaojiaoyuzhiliang、tishengguominsuzhi、cujinshehuizongxiangliudong、fuwuguojiaxiandaihuajianshefahuilebuketidaidezhongyaozuoyong。zheiyizhiduzongtishangfuheguoqing,quanweixing、gongpingxingshehuirenke,danyecunzaiyixieshehuifanyingqiangliedewenti,zhuyaoshiweifenshulunyingxiangxueshengquanmianfazhan,yikaodingzhongshenshixueshengxuexifudanguozhong,quyu、chengxiangruxuejihuicunzaichaju,zhongxiaoxuezexiaoxianxiangjiaoweituchu,jiafenzaojia、weiguizhaoshengxianxiangshiyoufasheng。weiguancheluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushu,xianjiushenhuakaoshizhaoshengzhidugaigetichuruxiashishiyijian。

一、总体要求

(一)指导思想。

gaojuzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidaqizhi,yidengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguanweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,jianchilideshuren,shiyingjingjishehuifazhanduiduoyanghuagaosuzhirencaidexuyao,congyouliyucujinxueshengjiankangfazhan、kexuexuanbageleirencaiheweihushehuigongpingchufa,renzhenzongjiejingyan,tuchuwentidaoxiang,shenhuakaoshizhaoshengzhidugaige,weibanhaorenminmanyidejiaoyu、jiansherenliziyuanqiangguotigongyoulibaozhang,weishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaohezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengtigongqiangyouliderencaizhicheng。

(二)基本原则。

jianchiyurenweiben,zunxunjiaoyuguilv。bacujinxueshengjiankangchengzhangchengcaizuoweigaigedechufadianheluojiaodian,niuzhuanpianmianyingshijiaoyuqingxiang,jianchizhengqueyurendaoxiang,jianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,shenrutuijinsuzhijiaoyu,peiyangdezhitimeiquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren。

亚博买球zheliwanshanguize,quebaogongpinggongzheng。bacujingongpinggongzhengzuoweigaigedejibenjiazhiquxiang,jiaqianghongguandiaokong,wanshanfalvfagui,jianquantizhijizhi,qieshibaozhangkaoshizhaoshengjihuigongping、chengxugongkai、jieguogongzheng。

亚博买球tixiankexuegaoxiao,tigaoxuanbashuiping。zengjiaxueshengxuanzequan,cujinkexuexuancai,wanshanzhengfujianguanjizhi,quebaokaoshizhaoshenggongzuogaoxiao、youxushishi。

jiaqiangtongchoumouhua,jijiwentuotuijin。zhengtishejicongjichujiaoyudaogaodengjiaoyukaoshizhaoshengzhidugaige,cujinputongjiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyu、jixujiaoyuzhijianxianjiegoutong,tongchoushishikaoshi、zhaoshengheguanlizhiduzonghegaige,shidianxianxing,wenbutuijin。

(三)总体目标。

亚博买球2014nianqidongkaoshizhaoshengzhidugaigeshidian,2017nianquanmiantuijin,dao2020nianjibenjianlizhongguotesexiandaijiaoyukaoshizhaoshengzhidu,xingchengfenleikaoshi、zonghepingjia、duoyuanluqudekaoshizhaoshengmoshi,jianquancujingongping、kexuexuancai、jianduyoulidetizhijizhi,goujianxianjiegoutonggejigeleijiaoyu、renkeduozhongxuexichengguodezhongshenxuexi“lijiaoqiao”。

二、主要任务和措施

(一)改进招生计划分配方式。

亚博买球1.tigaozhongxibudiquherenkoudashenggaokaoluqulv。zonghekaolvshengyuanshuliangjibanxuetiaojian、biyeshengjiuyezhuangkuangdengyinsu,wanshanguojiazhaoshengjihuabianzhibanfa,ducugaoxiaoyangezhixingzhaoshengjihua。jixushishizhiyuanzhongxibudiquzhaoshengxiezuojihua,zaidongbudiqugaoxiaoanpaizhuanmenzhaoshengmingemianxiangzhongxibudiquzhaosheng。bushugaoxiaoyaogongkaizhaoshengmingefenpeiyuanzehebanfa,heliquedingfenshengzhaoshengjihua,yangekongzhishudizhaoshengbili。2017nianluqulvzuidishengfenyuquanguopingjunshuipingdechajucong2013niande6gebaifendiansuoxiaozhi4gebaifendianyinei。

亚博买球2.zengjianongcunxueshengshangzhongdiangaoxiaorenshu。jixushishiguojianongcunpinkundiqudingxiangzhaoshengzhuanxiangjihua,youzhongdiangaoxiaomianxiangpinkundiqudingxiangzhaosheng。bushugaoxiao、shengshuzhongdiangaoxiaoyaoanpaiyidingbilidemingezhaoshoubianyuan、pinkun、minzudiquyouxiunongcunxuesheng。2017nianpinkundiqunongcunxueshengjinruzhongdiangaoxiaorenshumingxianzengjia,xingchengbaozhangnongcunxueshengshangzhongdiangaoxiaodezhangxiaojizhi。

3.wanshanzhongxiaoxuezhaoshengbanfapojiezexiaonanti。tuijinjiunianyiwujiaoyujunhengfazhan,wanshanyiwujiaoyumianshijiujinruxuedejutibanfa,shixingxuequzhihejiunianyiguanduikouzhaosheng。gaijingaozhongjieduanxuexiaokaoshizhaoshengfangshi。shixingyouzhiputonggaozhongheyouzhizhongdengzhiyexuexiaozhaoshengmingehelifenpeidaoquyuneichuzhongdebanfa。jinyibuluoshihewanshanjinchengwugongrenyuansuiqianzinvjiuxueheshengxuekaoshidezhengcecuoshi。

(二)改革考试形式和内容。

1.wanshangaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshi。xueyeshuipingkaoshizhuyaojianyanxueshengxuexichengdu,shixueshengbiyeheshengxuedezhongyaoyiju。kaoshifanweifugaiguojiaguidingdesuoyouxuexikemu,yindaoxueshengrenzhenxueximeimenkecheng,bimianyanzhongpianke。xueyeshuipingkaoshiyoushengjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenanguojiakechengbiaozhunhekaoshiyaoqiuzuzhishishi,quebaokaoshianquanyouxu、chengjizhenshikexin。gediyaohelianpaikechengjinduhekaoshishijian,chuangzaotiaojianweiyouxuyaodexueshengtigongtongyikemucanjialiangcikaoshidejihui。2014nianchutaiwanshangaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshidezhidaoyijian。

2.guifangaozhongxueshengzonghesuzhipingjia。zonghesuzhipingjiazhuyaofanyingxueshengdezhitimeiquanmianfazhanqingkuang,shixueshengbiyeheshengxuedezhongyaocankao。jianliguifandexueshengzonghesuzhidangan,keguanjiluxueshengchengzhangguochengzhongdetuchubiaoxian,zhuzhongshehuizerengan、chuangxinjingshenheshijiannengli,zhuyaobaokuoxueshengsixiangpinde、xueyeshuiping、shenxinjiankang、xingqutezhang、shehuishijiandengneirong。yangechengxu,qianghuajiandu,quebaogongkaitouming,baozhengneirongzhenshizhunque。2014nianchutaiguifangaozhongxueshengzonghesuzhipingjiadezhidaoyijian。gesheng(qu、shi)zhidingzonghesuzhipingjiajibenyaoqiu,xuexiaozuzhishishi。

亚博买球3.jiakuaituijingaozhiyuanxiaofenleikaoshi。gaozhiyuanxiaokaoshizhaoshengyuputonggaoxiaoxiangduifenkai,shixing“wenhuasuzhi+zhiyejineng”pingjiafangshi。zhongzhixuexiaobiyeshengbaokaogaozhiyuanxiao,canjiawenhuajichuyuzhiyejinengxiangjiehedeceshi。putonggaozhongbiyeshengbaokaogaozhiyuanxiao,canjiazhiyeshiyingxingceshi,wenhuasuzhichengjishiyonggaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshichengji,cankaozonghesuzhipingjia。xueshengyekecanjiatongyigaokaojinrugaozhiyuanxiao。2015niantongguofenleikaoshiluqudexueshengzhangaozhiyuanxiaozhaoshengzongshudeyibanzuoyou,2017nianchengweizhuqudao。

亚博买球4.shenhuagaokaokaoshineironggaige。yijugaoxiaorencaixuanbayaoqiuheguojiakechengbiaozhun,kexueshejimingtineirong,zengqiangjichuxing、zonghexing,zhezhongkaochaxueshengdulisikaoheyunyongsuoxuezhishifenxiwenti、jiejuewentidenengli。gaijinpingfenfangshi,jiaqiangpingjuanguanli,wanshanchengjibaogao。jiaqiangguojiajiaoyukaoshijigou、guojiatikuhewaiyunenglicepingtixijianshe。2015nianqizengjiashiyongquanguotongyimingtishijuandeshengfen。

(三)改革招生录取机制。

1.jianshaoheguifankaoshijiafen。dafujianshao、yangekongzhikaoshijiafenxiangmu,2015nianqiquxiaotiyu、yishudengtezhangshengjiafenxiangmu。queyoubiyaobaoliudejiafenxiangmu,yinghelishezhijiafenfenzhi。tansuowanshanbianjiangminzutekundiqujiafenzhengce。difangxinggaokaojiafenxiangmuyoushengjirenminzhengfuquedingbingbaojiaoyububeian,yuanzeshangzhishiyongyubensheng(qu、shi)suoshugaoxiaozaibensheng(qu、shi)zhaosheng。jiaqiangkaoshengjiafenzigeshenhe,yangerendingchengxu,zuohaogongkaigongshi,qianghuajianduguanli。2014niandichutaijinyibujianshaoheguifangaokaojiafenxiangmuhefenzhideyijian。

亚博买球2.wanshanheguifanzizhuzhaosheng。zizhuzhaoshengzhuyaoxuanbajuyouxueketezhanghechuangxinqianzhideyouxiuxuesheng。shenqingxueshengyaocanjiaquanguotongyigaokao,dadaoxiangyingyaoqiu,jieshoubaokaogaoxiaodekaohe。shidiangaoxiaoyaoheliquedingkaoheneirong,budecaiyongliankaofangshihuozuzhizhuanmenpeixun。guifanbinggongkaizizhuzhaoshengbanfa、kaohechengxuheluqujieguo。yangekongzhizizhuzhaoshengguimo。2015nianqituixingzizhuzhaoshenganpaizaiquanguotongyigaokaohoujinxing。

3.wanshangaoxiaozhaoshengxuanbajizhi。gaoxiaoyaojiangshejikaoshizhaoshengdexiangguanshixiang,baokuobiaozhun、tiaojianhechengxudengneirong,zaizhaoshengzhangchengzhongxiangxiliemingbingtiqianxiangshehuigongbu。jiaqiangxuexiaozhaoshengweiyuanhuijianshe,zaizhidingxuexiaozhaoshengjihua、quedingzhaoshengzhengceheguize、juedingzhaoshengzhongdashixiangdengfangmianchongfenfahuizhaoshengweiyuanhuizuoyong。gaoxiaoketongguopinqingshehuijianduyuanxunshixuexiaoceshi、luquxianchangdengfangshi,duizhaoshenggongzuoshishidisanfangjiandu。jianlikaoshiluqushensujizhi,jishihuiyingchuligezhongwenti。jianlizhaoshengwenzezhi,2015nianqiyouxiaozhangqianfaluqutongzhishu,duiluqujieguofuze。

4.gaijinluqufangshi。tuixinggaokaochengjigongbuhoutianbaozhiyuanfangshi。chuangzaotiaojianzhubuquxiaogaoxiaozhaoshengluqupici。gaijintoudangluqumoshi,tuijinbingwanshanpingxingzhiyuantoudangfangshi,zengjiagaoxiaohexueshengdeshuangxiangxuanzejihui。2015nianqizaiyoutiaojiandeshengfenkaizhanluqupicigaigeshidian。

亚博买球5.tuokuanshehuichengyuanzhongshenxuexitongdao。kuodashehuichengyuanjieshouduoyanghuajiaoyujihui,zhongdengzhiyexuexiaokeshixingzhuceruxue,chengrengaodengxuelijiaoyushixingdanxingxuezhi、kuanjinyanchu。weicanjirendengteshuqunticanjiakaoshitigongfuwu。tansuojianliduozhongxingshixuexichengguoderendingzhuanhuanzhidu,shixingputonggaoxiao、gaozhiyuanxiao、chengrengaoxiaozhijianxuefenzhuanhuan,shixianduozhongxuexiqudao、xuexifangshi、xuexiguochengdexianghuxianjie,goujianrencaichengzhang“lijiaoqiao”。2015nianyanjiuchutaixuefenhurenhezhuanhuandeyijian。

(四)改革监督管理机制。

1.jiaqiangxinxigongkai。shenrushishigaoxiaozhaosheng“yangguanggongcheng”,jianquanfenjifuze、guifanyouxiaodexinxigongkaizhidu。jinyibukuodaxinxigongkaideneirong,jishigongkaizhaoshengzhengce、zhaoshengzige、zhaoshengzhangcheng、zhaoshengjihua、kaoshengzige、luquchengxu、luqujieguo、zixunjishensuqudao、zhongdashijianweiguichulijieguo、luquxinshengfuchajieguodengxinxi。jinyibukuodaxinxigongkaidefanwei,jieshoukaosheng、xuexiaoheshehuidejiandu。

亚博买球2.jiaqiangzhidubaozhang。jianquanzhengfubumenxiezuojizhi,qianghuajiaoyukaoshianquanguanlizhidujianshe,goujiankexue、guifan、yanmidejiaoyukaoshianquantixi。jianquanchengxinzhidu,jiaqiangkaoshengchengxinjiaoyuhechengxindanganguanli。jianquanjiaoyukaoshizhaoshengdefalvfagui,tigaokaoshizhaoshengfazhihuashuiping。

3.jiadaweiguichachulidu。jiaqiangkaoshizhaoshengquanchengjiandu。yansuchachuweifaweiguixingwei,yangezhuijiudangshirenjixiangguanrenyuanzeren,jishigongbuchachujieguo。gouchengfanzuide,yousifajiguanyifazhuijiuxingshizeren。

(五)启动高考综合改革试点。

1.gaigekaoshikemushezhi。zengqianggaokaoyugaozhongxuexideguanliandu,kaoshengzongchengjiyoutongyigaokaodeyuwen、shuxue、waiyu3gekemuchengjihegaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshi3gekemuchengjizucheng。baochitongyigaokaodeyuwen、shuxue、waiyukemububian、fenzhibubian,bufenwenlike,waiyukemutigongliangcikaoshijihui。jiruzongchengjidegaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshikemu,youkaoshenggenjubaokaogaoxiaoyaoqiuhezishentezhang,zaisixiangzhengzhi、lishi、dili、wuli、huaxue、shengwudengkemuzhongzizhuxuanze。

亚博买球2.gaigezhaoshengluqujizhi。tansuojiyutongyigaokaohegaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshichengji、cankaozonghesuzhipingjiadeduoyuanluqujizhi。gaoxiaoyaogenjuzishenbanxuedingweihezhuanyepeiyangmubiao,yanjiutichuduikaoshenggaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshikemubaokaoyaoqiuhezonghesuzhipingjiashiyongbanfa,tiqianxiangshehuigongbu。

3.kaizhangaigeshidian。anzhaotongchouguihua、shidianxianxing、fenbushishi、youxutuijindeyuanze,xuanzeyoutiaojiandesheng(shi)kaizhangaokaozonghegaigeshidian。jishidiaozhengchongshi、zongjiewanshanshidianjingyan,qieshitongguozonghegaige,genghaodiguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,quanmianshishisuzhijiaoyu,zengjiaxueshengdexuanzexing,fensanxueshengdekaoshiyali,cujinxueshengquanmianeryougexingdefazhan。2014nianshanghaishi、zhejiangshengfenbiechutaigaokaozonghegaigeshidianfangan,cong2014nianqiujixinruxuedegaozhongyinianjixueshengkaishishishi。shidianyaoweiqitasheng(qu、shi)gaokaogaigetigongyiju。

三、加强组织领导

(一)细化实施方案。

gedigeyouguanbumenyaogaoduzhongshikaoshizhaoshengzhidugaige,qieshijiaqianglingdao。jiaoyubudengyouguanbumenyaozhuajinyanjiuzhidingpeitaowenjian。gesheng(qu、shi)yaojieheshijizhidingbendikaoshizhaoshengzhidugaigeshishifangan,jingjiaoyububeianhouxiangshehuigongbu。

(二)有序推进实施。

yaochongfenkaolvjiaoyudezhouqixing,tiqiangongbukaoshizhaoshengzhidugaigeshishifangan,jikaoshengheshehuiyimingque、wendingdeyuqi。jishiyanjiujiejuegaigezhongyudaodexinqingkuangxinwenti,buduanzongjiejingyan、diaozhengwanshancuoshi。

(三)加强宣传引导。

yaojiadaduigaigefanganhezhengcedexuanchuanjiedulidu,jishihuiyingshehuiguanqie,jieyishihuo、ningjugongshi,yingzaolianghaogaigefenwei。

guowuyuan

2014nian9yue3ri

 

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